Know Your Rights Resources
Under the U.S. Constitution, everyone living in the U.S. has certain rights – including documented and undocumented immigrants. Below are some helpful tips should you be required to interact with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), or any other law enforcement officer.
- Always carry valid immigration documentation with you.
If you have a work permit or green card, be sure to always have it with you. Do NOT, however, carry papers from another country with you (such as a foreign passport) because those documents could be used against you.
- If at home, do not open your door.
You may speak to ICE agents through your door. To be allowed to enter your home, ICE must have a warrant – make them show you by holding it against a window or sliding it under your door. The warrant MUST be signed by a judge (not an ICE agent). It must also have the name of the person they are looking for, and that person must live at the address and be present in the home.
- Exercise your right to remain silent.
Do not answer questions, and do not say anything about where you were born or how you entered the United States.
- You have a right to speak to a lawyer.
Although the government is not required to provide a lawyer for you, they have to let you speak to one if you want to. Also, do not sign anything without first speaking to a lawyer.
The American Friends Service Committee has prepared information in specific circumstances that may also be helpful:
Family Preparedness Toolkit
What would happen to your children in the event that you were unexpectedly detained, deported, incapacitated, or otherwise unavailable for any period of time? Would your family be prepared? Every family should have a plan in case of emergency – regardless of immigration status.
The Oregon Law Center and Latino Network have teamed together and released a comprehensive toolkit to assist families in creating a plan should the parents become unexpectedly unavailable. The toolkit is available in English or in Spanish. Make your plan today!
Locate a Detainee
To find out if someone has been detained by ICE, you can visit the Online Detainee Locator System. You will need to know the person’s alien registration number (also known as a USCIS number) or date of birth, and their country of origin.
Department of Homeland Security
- Change of Address
Ensure that you receive any notices or documents without delay. Most applicants with pending applications or petitions should notify USCIS as soon as possible, no more than 10 days after your move.
- Check Application Status
To check the status of your pending application or petition with the USCIS, you will need to enter your case receipt number to get the status.
- Online CIS Appointment
To speak to an immigration officer about your case, make an online INFOPASS appointment with the local immigration office at this site.
Board of Immigration Appeal
The Board of Immigration Appeal (“BIA”) is an administrative appellate body that has the authority to review decisions made by local Immigration Courts and the U.S. CIS offices. This site contains information about the procedures and operations of the Board.
Portland Immigration Court
The Portland Immigration Court is where removal proceedings are conducted involving residents of Oregon. This site provides information about the court procedures, court forms and related information.